581 how old do you have to be to use robinhood complete guide

How Old Do You Have to Be to Use Robinhood | Complete Guide

Investing is an essential aspect of building long-term financial security and freedom. However, for those under the age of 18, the process of getting started with investing can be challenging due to legal and regulatory restrictions. One of the most popular investment platforms, Robinhood, has specific age requirements and account eligibility criteria that potential users must meet. In this article, we’ll explore the minimum age to use Robinhood, alternative investment options for minors, and tips for getting started with investing as a teen.

Robinhood Age Requirement and Account Eligibility

Minimum Age to Use Robinhood

To start using Robinhood, you must meet the platform’s age requirement of being at least 18 years old. This minimum age is in place to comply with legal and regulatory standards in the United States. Minors under the age of 18 are not permitted to open or maintain a Robinhood account in their own name.

In addition to the age requirement, Robinhood users must also have a valid Social Security Number (SSN), be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, and have a legal U.S. residential address within the 50 states or Puerto Rico. These requirements are in place to ensure compliance with federal and state regulations and to protect both the user and the platform from potential legal issues.

Additional Requirements for Opening a Robinhood Account

Along with meeting the minimum age and residency requirements, potential Robinhood users must also have a compatible device to access the platform. Robinhood supports iOS and Android mobile devices, as well as web browsers. Regular software updates are essential for using Robinhood’s app effectively and ensuring access to accurate information and services.

Robinhood offers a variety of financial services, including investments, credit cards, cryptocurrency trading, and retirement accounts. However, it’s crucial for customers to understand the risks associated with each product before investing. While Robinhood provides commission-free trading for certain securities, other fees may apply, and users should carefully review the terms and conditions before signing up.

Custodial Accounts: Investing for Minors

What is a Custodial Account?

For those under the age of 18 who wish to start investing, a custodial account may be a viable option. A custodial account is a type of savings or investment account that an adult, typically a parent or relative, can open for a minor. The account is managed by the adult until the child reaches the age of majority, which is typically 18 or 21, depending on the state.

There are two main types of custodial accounts: the Uniform Gift to Minors Act (UGMA) and the Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA). UGMA accounts can hold cash, securities, and insurance policies, while UTMA accounts can hold almost any type of investment, including real estate.

How Custodial Accounts Work

Custodial accounts offer several benefits for minors looking to invest. These accounts have no contribution limits, allowing adults to save and invest as much as they’d like for the child’s future. Additionally, custodial accounts offer some tax advantages, as the income generated within the account is taxed at the child’s rate up to a certain threshold.

Feature Description
Ownership The minor owns the assets in the account, but the adult custodian manages them until the minor reaches the age of majority.
Flexibility Custodial accounts can hold a variety of assets, including cash, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and even real estate.
Contributions There are no contribution limits for custodial accounts, but contributions above $15,000 per year may trigger gift tax consequences.
Taxation Income generated within the account is taxed at the child’s rate up to a certain threshold, with the remainder taxed at the adult’s rate.

It’s important to note that once assets are placed in a custodial account, they cannot be removed or used for any purpose other than benefiting the child. The adult custodian is legally obligated to manage the account in the child’s best interest and cannot use the funds for personal expenses.

Pros and Cons of Custodial Accounts

While custodial accounts offer a way for minors to invest, there are both advantages and disadvantages to consider:


  • Allows minors to start investing early and learn about financial markets
  • No contribution limits, enabling adults to save and invest significantly for a child’s future
  • Some tax advantages, with income taxed at the child’s rate up to a certain threshold
  • Flexibility in the types of assets that can be held within the account


  • The child gains full control of the account upon reaching the age of majority, which may be a concern if they are not financially responsible
  • Contributions to the account are irrevocable and cannot be taken back by the adult custodian
  • Potential impact on financial aid eligibility, as custodial accounts are considered the child’s assets
  • Higher tax rates may apply to unearned income above certain thresholds

Before opening a custodial account, it’s crucial for parents and grandparents to consider the potential tax implications and the child’s level of financial responsibility. Consulting with a financial advisor or attorney can help ensure that a custodial account is the right choice for your family’s situation.

Investment Platforms for Teens and Minors

Bloom: Investment App for Teens

While Robinhood does not offer custodial accounts, there are alternative investment platforms designed specifically for teens and minors. One such platform is Bloom, an investing app that provides a safe and legal way for teens to start investing with the support and guidance of their parents.

Bloom focuses on financial literacy and offers educational modules to help teens learn about investing and money management. The app also provides a simulated investing environment where teens can practice trading without risking real money, allowing them to gain valuable experience and knowledge before investing actual funds.

Features and Benefits of Bloom for Teen Investing

Bloom offers several key features and benefits that make it an attractive choice for teen investors and their parents:

  • Parental safety controls: Parents can monitor their teen’s progress, set limits, and approve trades, ensuring a safe and controlled investing environment.
  • Fractional investing: Teens can invest in portions of shares, making it easier to build a diversified portfolio with limited funds.
  • Educational resources: Bloom provides a wealth of educational content, including articles, videos, and interactive modules, to help teens learn about investing and financial literacy.
  • Conditional orders: Teens can set conditional orders, such as limit orders, to help manage risk and make informed investment decisions.

By using Bloom, teens can start investing with funds deposited by their parents, learn about stocks and other investment vehicles, and gain hands-on experience through the app’s investing simulator. This early exposure to investing can help set the foundation for long-term financial success and security.

Getting Started with Investing as a Teen

Importance of Early Investing and Financial Education

Starting to invest at a young age can have a significant impact on long-term financial security and freedom. By beginning to invest as a teenager, individuals can take advantage of the power of compound interest and potentially see substantial growth in their portfolios over time. Additionally, early exposure to investing can help teens develop valuable financial literacy skills that will serve them throughout their lives.

Financial education is crucial for young investors, as it helps them understand key concepts such as risk management, diversification, and long-term investing strategies. By learning these skills early on, teens can make informed decisions about their money and avoid costly mistakes that could impact their financial future.

Tips for Smart and Safe Investing as a Teen

If you’re a teen looking to start investing, here are some tips to help you make smart and safe decisions:

  1. Educate yourself: Take advantage of resources like Bloom’s educational modules, financial literacy content, and investing simulations to learn as much as you can about investing before risking real money.
  2. Start small: Begin with small investments and gradually increase your contributions as you gain experience and confidence in your abilities.
  3. Diversify your portfolio: Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Spread your investments across different sectors, asset classes, and companies to minimize risk.
  4. Think long-term: Avoid the temptation to make frequent trades based on short-term market fluctuations. Instead, focus on long-term growth and the power of compound interest.
  5. Consult with parents or a financial advisor: Don’t be afraid to ask for guidance and support from trusted adults who have more experience with investing and financial management.

By following these tips and utilizing resources like custodial accounts and teen-focused investment platforms, young investors can lay the groundwork for a successful financial future. Starting early, educating yourself, and making smart, informed decisions can help you harness the power of investing and work towards long-term financial security and freedom.

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